Regex Remove Square Brackets And Contents

Using sed command as in those pages, the space before and after the brackets is still there. How to remove square brackets, etc. Difference between using square brackets and not using it : When a set of delimiters are specified using square brackets, it means an OR condition of the delimiters. There are two flavors of character classes, one uses [: and :] around a predefined name inside square brackets and the other uses \ and a special character. It matches tap, tep and top. info Understanding RegEx with Notepad++. For example the text frame might contain: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit [test] Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit [test2]". 4 / 2011-05-12 +===== + + * Fixed wrong url locator function + * Fixed wrong regex in `should see` step + * Fixed delimiters use in `should see` step + * Added url-match step for checking urls against regex + +0. Can Perl do better? – ajwood Mar 23 '11 at 19:46. I tried it with the stringreplacer with the regualr expression, however that didn't work, it has to be said that I am not that familiar with regular expression, so the way how I formulated it, might be wrong. The features supported by an Overpass QL parser are defined by the version of the Overpass API running on the server queried. There's no way to select the brackets individually, as far as I can tel. " Vimball Archiver by Charles E. _( adds indent from the left border. Описание Цена. I don't want to remove. How can I use replace statement in SQL query to replace/remove all the text inside the square bracket and the square bracket itself. According to this, I should be searching between input. Each expression can contain characters, metacharacters, operators, tokens, and flags that specify patterns to match in str. Grok is a great way to parse unstructured log data into something structured and queryable. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Example: regex: ". IMHO: There's probably little point in re-enabling support for left square brackets without allowing right square brackets as well. This is known as "slicing," and the result of slicing a string is often called a "substring. In some cases, we might know that there are specific characters that we don't want to match too, for example, we might only want to match phone numbers that are not from the area code 650. For example the text frame might contain: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit [test] Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit [test2]". * link-patterns: Auto-link given regex patterns in text (e. For example, the regular expression abc matches abc 123, 123 abc, and 123 abc xyz. You can see that the string in the text variable had multiple punctuation marks, we grouped all these punctuations in the regex expression using square brackets. They fall into two major categories: list operators and named unary operators. In RegEx, If you want to remove the brackets and anything in. This tutorial is a gentle introduction to getting you started with using regular expressions in calibre. *) /$1 break; proxy_pass http. 1 What is XSLT? This specification defines the syntax and semantics of the XSLT 2. This is actually a perfectly valid regex. There are so many answers to your question but they all depend on what exactly are you trying to do. You want to find lines that are not followed by a new line beginning with a digit. In a specified input string, replaces all substrings that match a specified regular expression with a string returned by a MatchEvaluator delegate. A range of single-character patterns can be used to match command output. Hi Futi, I'm pretty new to the forum but could you explain in a little more detail the issue you are having. Each language has its own subtleties so be aware of this if you find an example regular expression on the Internet somewhere and it doesn't work how you'd expect. However it seems impossible to replace the square brackets together with the text. For self-study, the intent is to read this book next to a working Linux computer so you can immediately do every subject, practicing each command. Returns “null” if a is. I can't emphasize enough the indispensability of regular expressions. Regex takes 0ms but my method takes 3ms. , you describe the data you want to work with and then what to. Similarly, the regex cat matches cat in About cats and dogs. Regex breakdown: s: How to remove square brackets, any text inside, and space after & before the. By using a slash, "\", you tell the regex you want to match exactly the period character. rm_round - returns a character string with round brackets removed. The Java Matcher class (java. One pair for the bracket expression, and one pair for the collating sequence. A Lasso syntax mode for Coda 2. I need all the square brackets to be removed. If you want to search for a pattern that is at one end or the other, you use anchors. The double square brackets in R can be used to reference data frame columns, as shown with the iris dataset. This is more flexible than rm_bracket but slower. Each variable must belong to some section, which means that there must be section. Keys must be quoted As with lists we can print out the dictionary by printing the reference to it. Perl: Matching using regular expressions. Learn more. I think I know what it is but can you clarify please, I don't want to look stupid on my first post!. Whitespace around the separator is ignored when the file is parsed. In some cases, we might know that there are specific characters that we don't want to match too, for example, we might only want to match phone numbers that are not from the area code 650. It is widely used to define constraint on strings such as password and email validation. ModelSim® Command Reference Manual Software Version 10. For example I have this code:. Regular expressions, or just regexes, are at the core of Perl’s text processing, and certainly are one of the features that made Perl so popular. Описание Цена. See my previous post as to why this is necessary. Square Brackets. ( becomes \(, but I find the same isn't true for square brackets. using list object's remove() method. Regex breakdown: s: How to remove square brackets, any text inside, and space after & before the. How to Split String with Bracket in C# ? Rate this: This content, along with any Regex. The Shortcode API is a simple set of functions for creating WordPress shortcodes for use in posts and pages. JavaScript Basic Regex in JavaScript. **Edited to show Import rather than Export in cmdlet. jpg Music Fest_58. Perl: Matching using regular expressions. Separate the key and value with colons : and with commas , between each pair. In our case, the string should contain either 0 , or 1 , or 2 , or…bear with me, I promised myself to write 1000 words a day, or 3 or 4 or 5. al-Khateeb in But before starting make sure that you change the Search Mode from Normal to Regular expression in your Find or Find & Replace dialogue box. Code for removing brackets and their contents in Python. * link-patterns: Auto-link given regex patterns in text (e. I'm sure this is simple and I'll probably be embarrassed to have this question in my profile but I can't seem to get this Regex correct. Many of the components require the react-native-vector-icons library to render correctly. Square brackets define a character class, and curly braces are used by a special repetition operator. ` from a sub-string enclosed in square brackets. You would use that if you planned to capture the contents in between each pair of brackets, which in your case you don't need. I tried it with the stringreplacer with the regualr expression, however that didn't work, it has to be said that I am not that familiar with regular expression, so the way how I formulated it, might be wrong. You need to be careful, though, because back-slashes are escapes for both the string parser and the regular expression parser. replace function, which can take as the first parameter a RegExp object. Adjacent elements are separated by the characters “, ” (a comma followed by a space). With the following options, you can define for which characters this should work. DESCRIPTION. NET regex implementation, in turn, is based on the industry-standard Perl regex engine. military]] as part of its [[herbicidal. *?)]" is interpreted as a character class. By using a slash, "\", you tell the regex you want to match exactly the period character. All the same Lynda. Typical jobs for Regex are to check for patterns and to match or replace text. txt I can't seem to find the right combination for Bulk Rename to find all brackets ( ) and remove both the brackets and contents within, so my file looks like this:. In this article bellow, we will offer you 2 ways to batch delete brackets and the inside spaces in your Word document. + Strip out footnotes from toc entries. Grok is a great way to parse unstructured log data into something structured and queryable. regex : A semicolon separated list of regex expressions. A dictionary maps a set of objects (keys) to another set of objects (values). I would appreciate if anyone could tell me how I can optimise it further. ]] emie matches chemie. Regular expressions +1. Definition and Usage. Unicode is a large character set—regular expression engines that are only adapted to handle small character sets will not scale well. Is there a regular expression that can be used with search/replace to delete everything occurring within square brackets (and the brackets)? I've tried \[. I hope to get some light from experts out there. two sets of brackets - for the test data above, it'd be useful to be able to extract the "Joe" and the "Bob", but also the "THIS" and "THAT" at the end as well. Regex - Get/split Text Inside Brackets/parentheses; Parsing Out The Contents Within Brackets Using Regex? VS 2008 Regex Match Strings Between Only When Outside Of Complete Brackets; C# - Remove Square Brackets And Single Quotes Regex Not Working. On UNIX systems, moving a directory within the same partition generally consists of renaming the directory. For advanced use, it may be necessary to pay careful attention to how the engine will execute a given RE, and write the RE in a certain way in order to produce bytecode that runs faster. from address strings?. JavaScript Basic Regex in JavaScript. But what I am after is 2 regex's Firstly i have this track Niney The Observer - Blood And Fire [12 Version]. As a rule of thumb, it's better to describe your regular expression patterns using single-quoted strings. The Java Regex or Regular Expression is an API to define pattern for searching or manipulating strings. pdf), Text File (. 4 / 2011-05-12 +===== + + * Fixed wrong url locator function + * Fixed wrong regex in `should see` step + * Fixed delimiters use in `should see` step + * Added url-match step for checking urls against regex + +0. I have a script to find all textframes in a document, and do a regular expression to remove (if contains) all text inside square brackets. Each expression can contain characters, metacharacters, operators, tokens, and flags that specify patterns to match in str. I have the following string [custID] = 'A99999999' I am trying the following to remove the square brackets and the single quotes Regex. Below is a table of characters that can not be directly represent by a keyboard character to use one of these, specify the appropriate Code. Python supports regular expressions through the standard python library re which is bundled with every Python installation. Reinserting the entire regex match into the replacement text allows a search-and-replace to insert text before and after regular expression matches without really replacing anything. Regex: delete contents of square brackets. Text Patterns and Matches. In a specified input string, replaces all substrings that match a specified regular expression with a string returned by a MatchEvaluator delegate. According to this, I should be searching between input. SYNOPSIS This function will remove the special character from a string. sed version is GNU sed version 4. It is a separator. Could anyone help me regarding this?. 7, included in the regex/ subdirectory of the PHP distribution. BH will also put opening and closing icons in the gutter of the corresponding line containing open or closing bracket. Regular expressions are used to match patterns in text. Scope brackets must be contained in a continuous scope region like string for quotes etc. 27 Saturday Nov 2010. In this example, we used square brackets — [] — to create an array, and separated each entry with a comma. Special metacharacters allow you to specify, for instance, that a particular string you are looking for occurs at the beginning or end of a line, or contains N recurrences of a certain character. Regular Expressions (RegEx) is a syntax for specifying patterns of text to search for. We will show some examples of how to use regular expression to extract and/or replace a portion of a string variable using these three functions. How to remove text within brackets/parentheses in Excel? If you have multiple data, and some of the data is within brackets or parentheses, now you want to remove the text within the brackets as below screenshots shown, how can you quickly to solve it?. The regex tokens \w, \d and \s behave accordingly, matching any utf-8 codepoint that is a valid word character, digit or whitespace character in any language. Return to the PCRE index page. If you put characters between single quotes ', then almost all the characters, except the single-quote itself ', are interpreted as they are written in the code. Returns a string representation of the contents of the specified array. An empty string as the first branch is ignored, to allow you to format branches consistently. But what I am after is 2 regex's Firstly i have this track Niney The Observer - Blood And Fire [12 Version]. If there are multiple occurrences, then the first such item is removed. Exponents, logs and square roots. I have a script to find all textframes in a document, and do a regular expression to remove (if contains) all text inside square brackets. Matcher) is used to search through a text for multiple occurrences of a regular expression. Many of my plugins for Adobe Lightroom offer the ability to construct certain kinds of data dynamically, such as setting image titles when uploading photos to a remote site. Among the chosen few are. Practical Regex Building: The Regex to Match the Files part of a Unix-Like Command (ls) Practical Regex Building: Emulating the ls Command to Separate Options from Files; A Series on the Differences Between Pattern Matching Notation Used in Pathname and Parameter Expansion and Extended Regular Expressions. Match anything enclosed by square brackets. A "character class" matches only one out of a list of several characters. If you are about to ask a "how do I do this in python" question, please try r/learnpython, the Python discord, or the #python IRC channel on FreeNode. Replace string between square brackets with sed. Granted, these solutions will not take on nested square brackets (in the event the actual source string in question involves this). But before starting make sure that you change the Search Mode from Normal to Regular expression in your Find or Find & Replace dialogue box. Characters inside square brackets are referred to as a character class and are usually treated literally unless the first character in the list is a caret “^” , which means match any character not included in the character class. Nobody tested what happens when you try to get a negatively numbered variable from an array, but it's not going to be pretty. You could use this in gr [ae] y to match either gray or grey. Regular Expressions containing square brackets [ ]. Regex- How to Match Parentheses solved!. Similarly, the regex cat matches cat in About cats and dogs. backward slash. If you think split() (or any other regex function, for that matter) is doing something weird, please read the file regex. In this chapter, we will discuss in detail about regular expressions with SED in Unix. So if you have a text like below: Hi, this is text between brackets[element=name] and another one[element=nameagain] and want to remove the text parts within the [. Once you enable Data Grid search, the Data Grid option is available in the search drop-down, along with your Keyword Search, dtSearch, and Analytics indexes. Posted by Haider M. They are sometimes interchangeable. Using sed command as in those pages, the space before and after the brackets is still there. *\] which chomps extra stuff (e. As mentioned previously, sed can be invoked by sending data through a pipe to it as follows − $ cat /etc/passwd. bug number references, revision number references). Here you need to specify an item to be removed. PowerShell) submitted 5 years ago * by Boneless_Chuck I have many folders with [brackets] that break my scripts. The regex tokens \w, \d and \s behave accordingly, matching any utf-8 codepoint that is a valid word character, digit or whitespace character in any language. Which, on the other hand, has nothing to do with the compiler at all. Regular Expressions containing square brackets [ ] Regular expression returns round brackets; regular expression for tags with there attribute and content. Instead of creating five separate variables, you now have one variable that contains all four email addresses. A character class is surrounded in square brackets ([]), and looks like [characters]. Oracle SQL has many string functions that allow you to do some. Documentation for Perl regular expressions. Process each directory’s contents before the directory itself. + Fixed bug with `--epub-stylesheet`. Before we start, let us ensure we have a local copy of /etc/passwd text file to work with sed. Notice the double square brackets. Happy Day_001. In order to remove all square brackets and their contents from a string, I used the gsub function in ruby like this:. Im trying to find a regular expression function to strip contents out of a string which lie between square brackets []. Using sed command as in those pages, the space before and after the brackets is still there. UNIX evaluates t. It was generated automatically from the original man page. I checked all the obvious things, like the quoting around the property names, the property names themselves, what Get-Content was returning, etc. Scope brackets must be contained in a continuous scope region like string for quotes etc. The following tables describe the elements of regular expressions. So I converted the file from UTF-16 LE to ANSI with code page 950 using encoding selector in status bar, replaced the file contents by a new copy from browser, set caret again on line 7 at column 30 and clicked on Replace all. Hi All, After searching about this, I could find some solutions but I am not sure why it is not working in my case. In my case, I want the text inside, space before & after, and the brackets itself to be removed. txt I can't seem to find the right combination for Bulk Rename to find all brackets ( ) and remove both the brackets and contents within, so my file looks like this:. [RESOLVED] VBscript to split text file into multiple files If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. AsciiDoc Writer: Eescape square brackets at start of line (#4545, Mauro Bieg). Provided by: perl-doc_5. The following script uses three other arithmetic functions: log, exp, and sqrt. regex : A semicolon separated list of regex expressions. The parentheses (round brackets) are there to "capture" a section of the matched string. Enter in regex to the rescue to search and remove. RegExr is an online tool to learn, build, & test Regular Expressions (RegEx / RegExp). Fixed an issue where GCDS would constantly rename the primary address on an account when it encountered a conflict. Hi, My VB is very rusty I'm afraid! What would be the most efficient way to remove the following ASCII characters from a string? à è ì ò ù À È Ì Ò Ù á é í. + +2010-11-08 19:02 knowledgejunkie + + * grab/uk_rt/: channel_ids, channels_platforms, + regional_channels_by_postcode: Major reorganisation of file + contents to split out BBC1/2 and ITV1 nations and regions and HD + channels. I have a huge string in R where I want to remove single characters from. This tool is perfect for syslog logs, apache and other webserver logs, mysql logs, and in general, any log format that is generally written for humans and not computer consumption. How do I extract the substring using regex? Each pair of (unescaped) parentheses in the regular expression defines a. Word: Replace and reformat text inside square brackets using wildcards June 20, 2011 My husband wanted to select a long column of text and find any text that was inside square brackets and reformat it so that the text — and the square brackets — was 4 pt and blue (no, I don’t know why either…). search的区别:re. regular expression to extract content within. pdf), Text File (. I've developed an extenstion method for strings: public static. Microsoft Word wildcards as regular expressions Find and Replace dialog in Microsoft Word (XP, 2003 and 2007) supports wildcard mode that is very similar to regular expressions. info Understanding RegEx with Notepad++. Be sure that the Overpass API server you query has a new enough API version to support the features you wish to use. Parentheses, curved brackets, square quotation marks, ellipses, dashes, and swung dashes are rotated clockwise 90° when used in vertical text (see diagram). Abstract This document defines constructor functions, operators, and functions on the datatypes defined in [XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition] and the datatypes defined in [XQuery and XPath Data Model (XDM) 3. Yet, after a while, you may decide to remove all brackets but only to find there are so many of them, scattering around your document. All Perl programmers pass through a stage where they try to program everything as regexes and, when that’s not challenging enough, everything as a single regex. Other small changes, including moving a couple of items on the interface, improvements to the advanced find and replace dialog, and big internal improvements. For example, this works when there is only one pair of square brackets i. Instead of creating five separate variables, you now have one variable that contains all four email addresses. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. For example the text frame might contain: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit [test] Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit [test2]". 4, which supports search-and-replace using a Microsoft version of regular expressions (regex). On this website, regular expressions are highlighted in red as regex. In addition, we'll also learn about string manipulation functions in R. The Java Matcher class (java. The Java Regex or Regular Expression is an API to define pattern for searching or manipulating strings. Auto-close quotes and brackets. If you want to search for a pattern that is at one end or the other, you use anchors. , you describe the data you want to work with and then what to. You could also take advantage of the Import-Clixml to import an XML file, rather than using Get-Content of a text file with XML content? Having objects created based off of the XML may be of benefit. This is a replacement for the original LassoScript-HTML mode included in Coda, and comes with improved file recognition, syntax highlighting, code folding, autocompletion, support for the navigator sidebar, and full support for Lasso 9 syntax. You want to remove parenthesis, i. Quickly test and debug your regex. However it seems impossible to replace the square brackets together with the text. The Rule System. jpg Summer Camp_165. I know square brackets have special meaning in a regex so I'm escaping them by prepending with a backslash. To represent this, we use a similar expression that excludes specific characters using the square brackets and the ^ (hat). Throughout this chapter, when showing syntax definitions, their optional parts will be enclosed in a pair of square brackets, e. #2 is the opening square bracket, escaped with a backslash #3 means "zero or more of any character" #4 is the closing square bracket, escaped with a backslash preg_match returns the parts of the string that matches those patterns. JavaScript Basic Regex in JavaScript. invalid QUIT :Remote closed the connection 1259627482 0 :[email protected] are allowed in section names. Parsing JSON with jq JSON is a lightweight format that is nearly ubiquitous for data-exchange. Difference between using square brackets and not using it : When a set of delimiters are specified using square brackets, it means an OR condition of the delimiters. Regular expression tester with syntax highlighting, PHP / PCRE & JS Support, contextual help, cheat sheet, reference, and searchable community patterns. Granted, these solutions will not take on nested square brackets (in the event the actual source string in question involves this). NET RegularExpressions classes assume that your string is encoded in UTF-8. PCRE regex to remove empty braces. _) adds indent from the right border. Install your extensions into Brackets using npm Keywords: brackets-extension brackets npm extensions registry CoffeeLint 1. Using sed command as in those pages, the space before and after the brackets is still there. The rules for substitution for re. Hello, I am trying to grep string with square brackets. Typical jobs for Regex are to check for patterns and to match or replace text. for example I want to grep the below string in log. 27 Saturday Nov 2010. *__ = find any string of 0 or more characters (before the actual to-be-matched-regex) (. Calling `remove_submenu_page()` and then calling `add_submenu_page()` to re-register the screen with a different user capability doesn't work completely because the entry that gets added to the `$_wp_submenu_nopriv` global by `add_submenu_page()` doesn't get removed by `remove_submenu_page()`. I am using the replace function to remove the spaces and hyphen, and then add my own bits, but I can’t work out how to remove the brackets and the numbers inside the brackets. A regular expression is a pattern consisting of a sequence of characters that matched against the text. UNIX evaluates t. A simple example should be helpful: Target: extract the. For example, the regex (Ha){3} will match the string 'HaHaHa', but it will not match 'HaHa', since the latter has only two repeats of the (Ha) group. Strings can be concatenated by. If you are about to ask a "how do I do this in python" question, please try r/learnpython, the Python discord, or the #python IRC channel on FreeNode. Special metacharacters allow you to specify, for instance, that a particular string you are looking for occurs at the beginning or end of a line, or contains N recurrences of a certain character. This means that the brackets (()) in your search query are being interpreted as a RegEx capture group. How do I match brackets or other meta-characters in a regular expression? You want to match (or replace) brackets (or other meta-characters) using a regular expression. There's no way to select the brackets individually, as far as I can tel. As a developer, mastering…. Can Perl do better? – ajwood Mar 23 '11 at 19:46. The page is a work in progress, so please forgive all the gaps: I thought it would be preferable to have an incomplete page now than a complete pag. The result I was expecting is just the string 123 but the square brackets remain and I'd love to know why!. Square brackets wildcard. 1 What is XSLT? This specification defines the syntax and semantics of the XSLT 2. One line of regex can easily replace several dozen lines of programming codes. *) /$1 break; proxy_pass http. jpg Summer Camp_165. The best I can think of is sticking a regex in a while loop and delete square braketted stuff (with no nesting) until there are no square brackets left. If you think split() (or any other regex function, for that matter) is doing something weird, please read the file regex. al-Khateeb in But before starting make sure that you change the Search Mode from Normal to Regular expression in your Find or Find & Replace dialogue box. It's not an easy job to parse HTML tags of the whole page using regular expressions. JavaScript Basic Regex in JavaScript. Round Brackets Create a Backreference Besides grouping part of a regular expression together, round brackets also create a backreference. Windows PowerShell Regex - Regular Expressions. Regex() expression language section ready for I ask because if I remove them from the expression, If(Regex([File The surrounding square brackets means that. These differ in their precedence relationship with a following comma. pdf), Text File (. Can Perl do better? – ajwood Mar 23 '11 at 19:46. It works like a charm, except for one issue. Reduce is a really useful function for performing some computation on a list and returning the result. After installing Kutools for Excel, please do as below:. I need to extract from a string a set of characters which are included between two delimiters, without returning the delimiters themselves. Both of these are explained later because they need more context. If you've ever used an * or a ? to indicate any letter in a word, then you've used a form of wildcard […]. The you would have a script delete the file contents from the begining up to the location of the end of the unique string. The regex [[. An empty string as the first branch is ignored, to allow you to format branches consistently. I'm using Unicode Regular Expressions with the following categories \p{L} : any kind of letter from any language. * link-patterns: Auto-link given regex patterns in text (e. search(pattern, string, flags) 每个参数的含意与re. rm_square - returns a character string with square brackets removed. Regular expressions examine the text between the separators. ANALYSIS Successful exploitation allows unauthenticated remote malicious arbitrary attackers to retrieve the contents of the previous customer's food order which is a serious breach of confidentiality. This is just like writing down an appointment or event in a paper agenda. Replacing parentheses with. I would appreciate if anyone could tell me how I can optimise it further. Remove the inside the checkbox and allow the original checkbox itself to be hidden and shown (perhaps styled with the custom checkmarks and "-" symbols, using the :before pseudo-element, as used in other checkboxes); hiding elements with opacity still allows speech recognition and screen readers to perceive the checkbox as though it. This formidable combination of string manipulation functions and regular expressions will prepare you for text mining. I have a text file with contents between two square brackets. PCRE regex to remove empty braces. Sometimes you can use regex to clean up regex errors, but often when we mess up this type of autotagging, we find it easier to start anew with a clean copy of the plain text. Regular expressions, or just regexes, are at the core of Perl’s text processing, and certainly are one of the features that made Perl so popular. While in some ways similar to an editor which permits scripted edits (such as ed), sed works by making only one pass over the input(s), and is consequently more efficient. Exponents, logs and square roots. using list object's remove() method. Oracle SQL has many string functions that allow you to do some. The problem comes from PowerShell de-escaping the strings multiple times internally and using special characters for pattern matching. Code for removing brackets and their contents in Python. So for example, the string might be blabla a test this that b á And the result should be blabla test this that How do I do. Note that only round brackets can be used for grouping. A regular expression is a pattern consisting of a sequence of characters that matched against the text. But what I am after is 2 regex's Firstly i have this track Niney The Observer - Blood And Fire [12 Version]. SiBr 4 19:56, 16 February 2014 (UTC) I suggest that you qualify that regular expression a bit. The features supported by an Overpass QL parser are defined by the version of the Overpass API running on the server queried. The problem. DESCRIPTION This function will remove the special character from a string. Parse arbitrary text and structure it. regex patter to remove the double square brackets in the expression. Which indeed will throw an exception since the regex sngine expects a closing parentheses. Practical Regex Building: The Regex to Match the Files part of a Unix-Like Command (ls) Practical Regex Building: Emulating the ls Command to Separate Options from Files; A Series on the Differences Between Pattern Matching Notation Used in Pathname and Parameter Expansion and Extended Regular Expressions. You can remove an item from a list in three ways: 1. As long as there is only one line with. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: